Home / Antibiotics / Ciprofloxacin
Home / Antibiotics / Ciprofloxacin


Ciprofloxacin belongs to a family of drugs called quinolone antibiotics. A German based

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Ciprofloxacin uses

It is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is mainly used to fight against the bacteria present in body. Ciprofloxacin antibiotic is capable of treating different types of bacterial infections such as skin infection, urinary tract infection, bone and joint infection, respiratory or sinus infection and also various types of diarrhea. This medicine is also prescribed by doctors to treat gonorrhea. It is effective in treating people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague. Ciprofloxacin is mainly used for infections which cannot be treated with safer antibiotic. Therefore, the generic name for Ciprofloxacin is Cipro.  

This medicine comes in several forms:

  • Tablets
  • Extended-release tablets
  • Powder for oral suspension

Ciprofloxacin Dosage 

The doctor will prescribe the dosage of this medicine depending on the several factors like your age, type and severity of the condition you are using this medicine to treat as well as other medical conditions you suffer from such as kidney disease. Take this medicine exactly in the same manner as prescribed by your doctor. You can Ciprofloxacin at the same time of each day with or without food.  

For 15 seconds shake the oral suspension before measuring the dose. Make sure that you use dosing syringe only which is provided with medicine, while you can also make use of dose-measuring device. The extended-release tablet should be consumed whole without chewing, crushing or breaking it.  

You need to intake this medicine for the entire prescribed time; if you want that your symptoms should recover quickly. If you try to skip the doses then you are going to definitely increase the risk of infection which is resistant to medication. This medicine is not used for treating viral infections like common cold or flu. Therefore, make sure that you don’t share Ciprofloxacin with another person even if he/she has the symptom like yours.  

If you miss any dose then do not take the two doses at same time. Ciprofloxacin 500mg for UTI should be taken every 12 hours for three to fourteen days as directed by the doctor. The dosage of Cipro for pneumonia is 250 to 500mg two times a day after every 12 hours for adults and the dose of children depends on their body weight and is determined by the doctor. Thus, Ciprofloxacin cost for Ciprofloxacin 250mg and Ciprofloxacin 500mg depends upon the pharmacy you take from. 

Ciprofloxacin Side Effects 

Immediately contact your doctor when you find any signs of an allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin such as difficulty in breathing, swelling in the face & throat as well as any severe skin reaction. This medicine can sometimes cause adverse side effects like tendon problems, affect your nerves, cause behavior or mood changes or low blood sugar. There are very rare cases when this medicine causes damage to your aorta which is one of the main blood arteries of your body. It can lead to dangerous bleeding and even death. If you suffer from severe as well as constant pain in your stomach, chest or back, then immediately get the emergency help.  

You need to stop the intake of this medicine and consult the doctor once if you have:

  • If you have severe pain in stomach; diarrhea that is bloody or watery. 
  • You find fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, dizziness or fast heartbeats.
  • If you make out any first sign of skin rash that does not matter how mild it is.
  • There is little or no urination, jaundice as well as muscles weakness.
  • If you suffer from severe headache, dizziness, vision problems, pain behind your eyes as well as ringing in your ears then immediately concern the doctor.
  • Some of the common side effects of this medicine may include:
  • Vaginal itching or discharge
  • Liver functions tests are abnormal
  • Stomach pain, vomiting and nausea

Ciprofloxacin Precautions 

During the intake of this medicine avoid dairy products strictly such as milk, yogurt as well as calcium-fortified juice. You can have these products with your meal but not during consuming Ciprofloxacin as they make the medication less effective. 

The effects of caffeine can be increased, when you use caffeine while taking this medicine. This medicine is capable of making you sunburn more easily, so it is always recommended to use effective sunscreen and wear protective clothing when you are outdoors. If you find that you are having severe redness, itchiness, burning, swelling and rash after being in the sun then inform your doctor.  

Therefore, avoid driving or any kind of hazardous activity until and unless you know how this medicine is going to affect your body.

Ciprofloxacin Interactions 

There are 540 drugs that are known to interact with this medicine 

117 major drug interactions

349 moderate drug interactions

74 minor drug interactions 

This medicine can also interact with some of the supplements and also few foods. Due to which different interactions can lead to different effects. Some can interfere with how well a drug work, while some can lead to increased side effects.  

Before you start taking Ciprofloxacin, make sure that inform your doctor about all the prescription and other drugs which you take. Also tell about the herbs, supplements or vitamins that you are taking as this will help you in avoiding potential interactions.  

Ciprofloxacin MOA (Mechanism of Action) 

This medicine is an antibiotic which belongs to the class of fluoroquinolones. It is a type of antibiotic which is bactericidal which means that it works by directly killing the bacteria. Ciprofloxacin kills the bacteria by blocking all the enzymes that are required for bacteria survival. Since this medicine is a broad-spectrum antibiotic so it is capable of fighting against various types of bacteria. Ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets begin to function against bacterial infections within the hours you intake it. Moreover, you will start noticing the improvement in your symptoms after a few days.  

Ciprofloxacin Warnings

Before you start taking this medicine make sure that first discuss about your health with the doctor. People with diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels more closely if they take ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin in pregnancy should not be given until and unless there is no risk to fetus as well as mother. Therefore, people with QT interval prolongation should avoid this medicine as it can worsen the condition. 

We only ship medications which are approved by FDA, Also please consult your doctor to make a full decision on what medication to take.

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